Reflections on the sin of pride by St John Cassian
By the following indications, then, that carnal pride of which we have spoken is made manifest.
First of all, a person’s talking will be loud and his silence bitter;
his joy will be marked by noisy and excessive laughter, his seriousness by irrational sadness;
his replies by rancor, his speech by glibness,
and his words will burst out helter- skelter for a heed-less heart.
He will be devoid of patience, without love,
quick to inflict abuse, slow to accept it,
reluctant to obey except when his desire and will anticipate the matter,
implacable in receiving exhortations, weak in restraining his own will,
very unyielding when submitting to others,
constantly fighting on behalf of his own opinions
but never acquiescing or giving in to those of others.
And so, having become unreceptive to salutary advice,
he relies on his own judgement in every respect
rather than on that of the elders.” (The Institutes, pp. 271-272)